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Government has expanded the FBI’s authority to investigate terrorist activities against U. At the same time, the increasing scope of terrorist threats—from bombing plots of domestic and international extremists to threats involving weapons of mass destruction to the growing menace of computer intrusion crime and threat of cyberterrorism—led the FBI, in November 1999, to create the Counterterrorism Division to help focus its operational capabilities upon the full range of activities in which violent extremists engage. Specifically, the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984, the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorist Act of 1986, the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, and Presidential Decision Directive 39 have served to extend FBI investigative authority beyond U. By the year 2001, the FBI had legal attache (LEGAT) offices in 44 countries around the world.Early on the morning of January 15, 2000, a driver reporting for work at the Petaluma Farms chicken and egg processing plant in Petaluma, California, discovered fires in the cabs of two delivery trucks.Subsequent investigation determined that the fires had been deliberately set.For such a comprehensive overview of global terrorism issues, see the report Patterns of Global Terrorism, published annually by the U. The FBI hopes you find Terrorism 2000/2001 to be a helpful resource, and thanks you for your interest in the FBI’s Counterterrorism Program.A full-text and graphics version of this issue, as well as recent back issues of Terrorism in the United States, is available for on-line reference at the FBI’s home page at gov.Terrorists are arrested and convicted under existing criminal statutes. The second, a coordinated suicide attack using four hijacked U. commercial aircraft as missiles on September 11, 2001, resulted in the deaths of 2,783 innocent people.All suspected terrorists placed under arrest are provided access to legal counsel and normal judicial procedure, including Fifth Amendment guarantees. § 2331(5)]Note: The FBI investigates terrorism-related matters without regard to race, religion, national origin, or gender. naval destroyer USS Cole in the Yemenese port of Aden on October 12, 2000, claimed the lives of 17 U. The September 11 attack represents the most deadly and destructive terrorist attack in history and claimed more lives than all previous acts of terrorism in the United States combined. forces were working with anti-Taliban Afghan fighters to target Al-Qaeda training camps in Afghanistan.
Terrorism is defined in the Code of Federal Regulations as “..unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.” (28 C. For the purpose of this report, the FBI uses the following definitions of terrorism:l Domestic terrorism refers to activities that involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any state; appear to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; to influence the policy of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and occur primarily within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States. Terrorists represent a small criminal minority in any larger social context. In response to the September 11 attack, the FBI launched the largest terrorism investigation ever conducted, working in close cooperation with other U. In keeping with a longstanding trend, in fact, domestic extremists carried out the majority of terrorist incidents in both years.
As the events of September 11, 2001, demonstrated with brutal clarity, the terrorist threats facing the United States are formidable. For every successful terrorist attack mounted in the United States, nearly 20 (19.83) anti-U. Since the mid-1980s, the FBI has published Terrorism in the United States, an unclassified annual report summarizing terrorist activities in this country.
Between 19, 74 terrorist incidents were recorded in the United States. As troubling as these statistics are, they only hint at the full scope of the terrorist threat confronting U. While this publication provided a good overview of the terrorist threat in the United States, its limited scope proved not conducive to conveying either the breadth and width of the terrorist threat facing U. interests or the scale of the FBI’s response to international terrorism worldwide.
On March 16, 2000, the North American Animal Liberation Front Press Office released a communique stating that a cell of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), a terrorist animal rights movement, claimed responsibility for the fires.
A similar act of attempted arson had been claimed by the ALF against the Rancho Veal Corporation in February 1997.
This material is presented to provide readers with a historical framework for the examination of contemporary terrorism issues.